Types of Tawaf around the holy Ka’abah
here are many types of Tawaf around the Ka’abah:
Tawaf Al-Ifaadah: during Hajj, which is also called tawaaf al-ziyaarah (Tawaf of visiting). It takes place after the standing in ‘Arafah, on the day of al-Adha or after it. It is one of the pillars of the Hajj.
Tawaf Al-Qudoom: ( Tawaf of arrival) for Hajj. This is performed by the pilgrim who has entered into a state of Ihram for Hajj and by the pilgrim who is doing Qiran, i.e., joining Umrah and Hajj, when he reaches the Ka’abah. It is one of the obligatory duties or Sunnahs of Hajj – there is a difference of scholarly opinion.
The Tawaf of Umrah:It is one of the pillars of Umrah. Umrah is not valid without it.
Tawaf Al-wadaa: (the farewell Tawaf), which is performed after completing the actions of Hajj and when one has decided to leave Mecca. It is obligatory, according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions, for all pilgrims except women who are menstruating or bleeding following childbirth, and the one who fails to do it must sacrifice an animal of the type that is valid as an udhiyah.
Tawaf in fulfilment of a vow: made by one who vowed to circumambulate the Ka’abah. It is obligatory because of the vow.
Each of these Tawafs must include seven circuits, after which the person performs two rak’ahs behind Maqam Ibraheem, if possible; if he cannot do that then he may perform the prayer in any other part of the mosque.