Umrah – Background and General terms


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Summary:

Umrah - Background and General terms.
Any form of worship (Ibadah) in Islam must be performed according to the Qur'an and Sunnah for it to be acceptable to Allah. One's true intention (niyah) must be for Allah alone and a desire for the Hereafter.

Umrah - Background and General termssource: hajjandumrah360.com

Umrah – Background and General terms

Any form of worship (Ibadah) in Islam must be performed according to the Qur’an and Sunnah for it to be acceptable to Allah. One’s true intention (niyah) must be for Allah alone and a desire for the Hereafter. It cannot be done with the intention of being seen among men for worldly gain. Strict care should be taken to perform all actions with ikhlas (to perform any act solely for Allah) and itiba’a (adherence to the Sunnah). This means performing Umrah as performed by the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) without adding to or deleting from the rituals. Also, the money required for Umrah MUST be earned by lawful (Halal) means. One should start on this journey with the exclusive intention of carrying out the commands of Allah and to seek Allah’s guidance and pleasure.

There is only one way of performing Umrah, that is, according to the Qur’an and Sunnah!

“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter  that they should have an option in their decision. And  whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger he has indeed strayed in a plain error.”   {Surah Al-Ahzab (33), ayah 36

Before we address the actual performance of Umrah, we would like to explain some general terms about tawaaf and sa’ee.

About Tawaaf:

General Points:

Types of Tawaaf:

Umrah Tawaaf (1)
Welcome Tawaaf (Tawaaf-al-Qudoom) (2)
Tawaaf for Hajj (Tawaaf-al-Ifadah also known as Tawaaf-as-Ziyarah or Tawaaf-al-Hajj) (3)
Farewell Tawaaf (Tawaaf-al-Wadaa) (4)
Nafl Tawaaf (5)

For Umrah, only (1), (4) & (5) 
(1) & (2) You should be in Ihraam.
(1) & (2) Ramal (to walk briskly in the first three rounds) and Idtiba (to have your right shoulder open) are required for these tawaafs.

Narrated Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): “When Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) and his companions came to Makkah, the pagans circulated the news that a group of people were coming to them and they had been weakened by the fever of Yathrib (Al-Madinah). So the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) ordered his companions to do Ramal in the first three rounds of Tawaaf of the Ka’bah and to walk between the two corners (The Yemenite corner and the Black stone). The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) did not order them to do Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaaf out of pity for them.” (Bukhari)

(4) This is the last act to be performed before leaving Makkah.
(5) This tawaaf can be performed at any time and as many times as possible.
(3), (4) & (5) No Ihraam, no Ramal and no Idtiba for these tawaafs.
There is no niyah to be uttered audibly. The niyah is in the heart.
Tawaaf begins at Hajr-al-Aswad (Black Stone) only and proceeds in an anti-clockwise direction.
The tawaaf also finishes at the Hajr-al-Aswad.
One should encircle (walk around the outside) the area called Hijr (The open area, under the roof’s waterspout, surrounded by a low wall).
The number of circuits to perform is always seven, regardless of the type of tawaaf (i.e., Umrah, Hajj or Nafl).
When you are in doubt about the number of rounds you have made, rely on the lesser number you remember.
Dua in your own language, dhikr, and reciting Qur’an are all acceptable forms of Ibadah while performing tawaaf.
Tawaaf MUST be interrupted for fardh salah and recommended for janazah salah. Resume from where you have stopped. If you stopped half way through one circuit, ensure that you continue at the right place. This is important if you stopped for salah and moved positions several times before the actual salah. So it is important to remember exactly where you have stopped, otherwise start again. If you are not sure about the number, choose the lesser number or start again.
It is permissible to talk while performing tawaaf. Most scholars agree that one should only discuss necessary/required things and not merely engage in idle chat.
Avoid performing tawaaf in groups or following and reciting behind a ‘leader’. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was the best of teachers and he did not lead anybody, or any group, in tawaaf, nor did he instruct his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) to do so.
Avoid raising your voice while performing tawaaf:

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) started ascending a high place or hill. A man (amongst his companions) ascended it and shouted in a loud voice:  La ilaha illal-lahu wallahu Akbar.  (At that time) Allah’s messenger was riding his mule. Allah’s messenger said: “You are not calling upon a deaf or an absent One.”  (Bukhari)

Why are we kissing the Black Stone?

Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) kissed the stone and said: “I am kissing you, whereas I know you are a stone, but I saw Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) kissing you (that is why I kiss you)” (Muslim)

Avoid walking against the flow of people rather walk right around to the starting place.
There is no need to actually stop on the brown starting line. This is not a place to stop or make salah on. It is a mere indication of where to start. Many people stop on this line and make all sorts of gestures towards the black stone, causing a great deal of congestion and confusion.
It is important to note that if one is unable to reach the Black Stone, one’s Umrah or tawaaf is NOT decreased in merit in any way, but if one pushes and shoves his Muslim brethren in order to do so, he risks incurring Allah the Almighty’s displeasure.

Some Hints for Tawaaf:

During the very busy periods the tawaaf area around the Ka’bah is extremely crowded with people performing tawaaf. It is like being in a can of sardines and one can get severely squashed and bruised.
If you cannot stand being ‘pushed and squashed’ we suggest you perform your tawaaf on the roof level. It is much easier than the middle floor level as the middle floor has lots of people and pillars to negotiate. The roof can also get very crowded but from experience it is much more comfortable. It may take a while longer due to the bigger area you need to cover. Walking normally, with a fair crowd, one circuit can take about 15 to 20 minutes to complete.
Apart from the pushing, it is not recommended for women to be in such crowds, if it can be avo
The bottom level around the Ka’bah is the quickest, but it is also for the bravest.
If you start your tawaaf on the ground level, and find it too ‘difficult’ to continue, it is acceptable to go to the other floors to complete the seven circuits. It is best to try and complete a circuit prior to going upstairs. If you go halfway through a circuit, then you should redo that circuit. (The distance covered to get upstairs does not count as part of the tawaaf).
It is also acceptable to go outside the mosque to use the escalators (which is sometimes easier) to get upstairs
When the tawaaf area is very crowded adopt the following approach:
Start your tawaaf as far out as possible Proceed to walk slowly inwards, closer to the Ka’bah.
Try to maintain this position and complete the 1st round followed by rounds 2 to 6.
On the 7th round start moving slowly towards the outer side again.
At the end of the 7th round, walk quickly diagonally along the starting line, in front of the people. Because everybody ‘stops’ on this line, if you walk quickly, you will find a clear path all the way.
The above method may not work all the time, but it’s worth a try.
If you have women with you, we suggest you remain on the outside for all seven circuits.
About getting to kiss the black stone. Sometimes the people actually form a queue. You may wait very long in this queue as there are thousands of others that push in at the front. There is no easy way other than waiting your turn. Do not even consider taking the females to try and kiss the stone. This is looking for trouble. Rather go at a less busy time if possible.
Touching of the Rukn-al-Yamani corner is also virtually impossible.
You need to complete your two rak’at salah in another part of the mosque.

source: hajjandumrah360.com

Umrah - Background and General terms. Any form of worship (Ibadah) in Islam must be performed according to the Qur'an and Sunnah for it to be acceptable to Allah. One's true intention (niyah) must be for Allah alone and a desire for the Hereafter.
About the Author
My name is Mustak Kamboli and it is really a great honour for me to work as a travelling agent for Muslim Pilgrims, who are looking to perform their religious duties such as Umrah and Hajj, by going to Saudi Arabia. I keep track of the latest happenings in Mecca and Medina in order to keep the clients updated through British Hajj Travel

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Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On January 13, 2017
Last modified:January 13, 2017

Summary:

Umrah - Background and General terms.
Any form of worship (Ibadah) in Islam must be performed according to the Qur'an and Sunnah for it to be acceptable to Allah. One's true intention (niyah) must be for Allah alone and a desire for the Hereafter.





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Umrah - Background and General terms. Any form of worship (Ibadah) in Islam must be performed according to the Qur'an and Sunnah for it to be acceptable to Allah. One's true intention (niyah) must be for Allah alone and a desire for the Hereafter.
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